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Winterburn History Timeline

A collection of notes and document extracts assembled from a wide variety of sources, forming an historic timeline of events which had an affect on Winterburn. It contains many interesting facts and references to individuals, providing a brief, but useful, history of Winterburn.

Before1400 : 1400-1550 : 1550-1700 : 1700-1800 : 1800 onward


1801
Census - Population of Flasby with Winterburn 120

1803

Muster Rolls : Flasby cum Winterburn Township
Name
Description
Class
Remarks
William Dugdale Butcher
1
Infirm
Thomas Parkinson Farmer
1
Cavalry
Henry Wilkinson Farmer
1
Cavalry
William Frankland Servant
1
 
John Harrowgate Servant
1
 
Christopher Langstroth Farmer
1
 
John Atley Servant
1
Voluntary Service
John Frankland Servant
1
Voluntary Service
Stephen Wilkinson Farmer
1
Infirm
John Kitchen Servant
1
 
Thomas Chew Servant
1
 
William Airton Servant
1
 
John Thompson Farmer
1
Apprentice
Stephen Dugdale Farmer
1
 
John Tattersall Farmer
2
 
Lawrence Tattersall Farmer
2
 
Thomas Tattersal Farmer
2
 
William Tattersall Farmer
2
 
James Proctor Farmer
2
 
John Throup Housekeeper
4
 
Peter Parkinson Housekeeper
4
 
Silvester Hebden Housekeeper
4
 
John Preston Housekeeper
4
Clergyman
William Airton Housekeeper
4
 
William Westwood Housekeeper
4
Infirm
Marmaduke Kidd Housekeeper
4
Infirm
Christopher Gill Housekeeper
4
Infirm
John Stoiles Housekeeper
4
 
John Briggs Housekeeper
4
Infirm
John Austin Servant
4
 
Thomas Metcalf Farmer
4
 


Class 1. Unmarried men under 30 with no child living under 10 years old
Class 2. Unmarried men between 30 and 49 inclusive with no child living under 10
Class 3. Married men between 17 and 29 inclusive with not more than two children living under 10
Class 4. Others not included in above classes

1805
H Wilkinson Esq. holds Lordship of the Manor, this had been claimed and allowed by the late Thomas Wilkinson.

1807
Constable and Overseers Account Book : By statute of 1601, a compulsory poor rate was levied with increasing regularity. From this fund, not only food relief was given, but the Overseers of the poor in every parish were compelled to buy material to provide work for the unemployed - a convenient stock of flax, hemp, wool, thread, iron and other stuff to set the poor to work. The provision of work was provided either in Houses of Correction, or in the parishes In 1807, when the Flasby-with-Winterburn book commences, Thomas Metcalf (Constable and Overseer) records receipts from rate assessments totalling £237. 18s. 4d for the year. Payments for the year reveal how meticulously the provisions of the 1601 statute were being carried out over two centuries later regarding the relief for the paupers - people without means of livelihood or recipients of poor law relief).
There were twelve in receipt of poor money, their weekly pensions ranging from five shillings to one and sixpence. The sum of £31. 6s. 3d was paid out in house rents for them, and coal was distributed at a cost of 12s. 9d for nine loads. Work was provided for Widow Duckett by the purchase of two hand looms £3.10s: two shirts for Hy. Robinson's son cost 6s. 6d including the making: the said son receiving 10s. 6d. When "his father laid violent hands on himself" - the funeral cake costing 5s: the coffin 14s: and ale consumed at the funeral 5s: and burial dues 5s.
Sickness benefits appear in varying forms. Wm Duckett when sick 7s. 8d: to woman waiting on her while confined 8s: Widow Robinsonss Drs bill £1.4s 71/2 d: to bottle of rum for Leonard Clark 5s.
The Constables accounts show the cost of many journeys to the Gargrave court (held tri-weekly at the Grouse Hotel, Gargrave) - with felons, and documents and postages. The total expenditure for the year (1808) was £199. 18s. 2d., leaving a credit balance to be handed over to the next overseer - James Proctor - of £38. 0s. 2d. The accounts were examined and settled by the village council of eleven taxpayers of the parish.
In 1834 the New Poor Law was passed when outdoor relief was abolished, and the workhouse test was imposed on applicants for public alms. In 1835/6 the accounts show the effect of the new law - receipts from tax being only £80, and expenditure nearly £117. In 1839 assessments form the parish to the village accounts (Gargrave) ceased with 25 totalling £100. Expenditure - mostly "calls to the Union" accounted for most of this total, four paupers only remaining on the book for pension and rent payment. The building of the new Union Workhouse in Gargrave Road, Skipton was completed in 1840.

1808

Constable and Overseers Accounts
Swearing in Constable 2 journeys 3/-
Estreat money £22 19 9 Swearing to freeholders List 2/6
Militia Return 15/- Returning old list 5/6
2 prs stockings (Jas. Robinson) 3/- 4 loads COAL 5/8
Dying 2 prs stockings (Robinson) 3/- 21/2 yds cotton @ 1/2d  
Pair of shoes 5/6 Dr Simpsons Bill £2 15 0
Pair of stays 2/3    
Robinsons shoes mending 3/6 New pair 8/6

1809
Accounts examined and settled 19.5.1809 : Thos. Metcalf; Thos. Parkinson; Henry Wilkinson; John Tattersall; Robert Woodrup; John? Tattersall; Sylvester Hobson.

Poor Money distributed
Name
1810
1811
1812
1813
1814
1815
Anne Kidd
9/-
5/-
12/-
5/-
5/-
5/-
Duke Wharf
5/-
4/-
9/6
5/-
5/-
5/-
Thos. Davis
5/-
5/-
6/-
5/6
6/-
5/-
John Duckett
8/6
14/9
9/3
9/3
9/3
7/3
John Brigg
2/6
5/-
10/-
6/4
6/4
6/4
Richd. Airey
9/6
9/3
9/3
9/3
9/3
6/-
Henry Duckett
-
7/-
5/6
-
-
-
Wm. Blakey
-
3/-
5/6
5/-
-
-
Ann Hodgson
-
-
8/6
-
-
-

 

Poor Money received from Gargrave Church on St. Thomas Day Charity Fund :

1810 £1 18s 2d  
1811 £2 0s 61/2d  
1812 £2 0s 0d  
1813 £2 1s 0d  
1814 £1 0s 0d £2 0s 11/2d
1815 £0 10s 0d £2 1s 21/2d

House Rents Paid
W. Blake £1 11s 6d; John Duckett £2 5s 0d; Mr Wilson £10 11s 0d; Robt Oldfield £1 15s 0d; John Stoney £2 12s 6d; Widow Robinson £4; Thos. Dawe £1 14s 6d
--------------------------------------------------
Wm Wellock 3/6d wk for a year £9 2s 0d; Jane Stoney (Gargrave) £13 0s 0d; John Stoney (Carleton) 2/- = £4 14s 0d; Widow Duckett £6 3s 0d; Robt. Oldfield £5 4s 0d; Suzanne Robinson £5 4s 0d; Jas Robinson £2 11s 0d;
John Duckett £6 12s 4d
Jane Robins clothes £1 19s 7d
Thos Proctor for keeping Sarah Stoney £1 10s 0d
Duke Wharf £2 8s 0d
Ann Kidd for child £5 4s 0d
Estreat Money £18 10s 10d & £25 13s 7d
-----------------------------------------------------
Childs funeral exes £1 5s 0d Coffin 8/-
Inquest on Jas. Kidd's daughter 12/6
Sarah Robinsons clogs 3/2
John Stoney's wife for shirts & Shifts 14/6
A warrant for Edward Greenwood 2/- (Journey and serving 5/-)
--------------------------------------------------------
Expenses to Whitworth with Widow Robinsons child £1 13s 6d
Journey 10s 6d
Shoes for Robinsons children 5/4 2yds fustian 6/-
6yds cotton 5/- (for Hy Robinson) Hy Robinsons braitches 4/101/2
His stockings 3/6 31/2 yds Harden for trousers 8/41/2
A strike of Malt when wife lying in 6/4 Clogs 4/8
To Mr Carr (Attorney) £2 6s 4d New Hat (Robinson) 3/3
Publishing Poor Rate 2/-
Expenses of Widow Robinson at Whitworth bringing back £8 11s 6d & child £2 4s 0d
----------------------------------------------------------------------

1816
About this date the congregations at Winterburn separated and apparently Mrs Lamberts endowment seems to have been claimed entirely by Horton. New trustees of Winterburn tried, in 1824, to obtain the £100 left by her for the benefit of Winterburn, but it was objected that they were the trustees of the chapel only, and not of the endowment, so nothing was altered.

1817
John Brigg 4/- ; Duke Wharf 4/- ; Anne Kidd 2/- ; Anne Proctor 1/6 ; Rd Robinson 6/9 ; John Duckett 3/- ; Robinson's Ch'n. 8/- ; Rich Airey 10/- : Total £1 19s 3d
Receipts from Assessments £214 13s 5d
Disbursements £211 3s 111/2d

Constables & Overseers for Flasby with
Winterburn 1807-1841
Year
Constable
Overseer
1807
Thomas Metcalf
ditto
1808
James Proctor
ditto
1809
Robert Woodrup
ditto
1810
Peter Parkinson
ditto
1811
William Dugdill
ditto
1813-15
Robert Woodrup
ditto
1816
Peter Parkinson
Thomas Parkinson
1817
John Throup
William Westwood
1818
Stephen Wilkinson
Thos. Shiero
1819
Robt Wetherall
Peter Parkinson
1820
Thos. Parkinson
John Sharp
1821
John Tattersall
Christopher Gill
1822
John Tattersall
John Taylor
1823
Thomas Proctor
Peter Parkinson
1824
Robert Hartley
John Throup
1825
John Sharp
Stephen Wilkinson
1826
John Taylor
Robt. Wetherall
1827
John Litton
Thos. Parkinson
1828
James Watson
John Tattersall
1829
James Watson
ditto
1830-31
Henry Laycock
ditto
1837-39
John Laycock
ditto
1840
John Throup

1837

West Riding Election 1837 Poll Book
Flasby-with-Winterburn Township
Brown Christopher Flasby 1, 2
Car John do  
Chippendale Jph. Islington, London  
Dawes William Friar Head 1, 2
Dawes George do 1, 2
Kaye Lister Henry Denby Grange  
Laycock Henry Flasby 1, 2
Laycock John do 1, 2
Lord William Winterburn 3
Preston Cooper Flasby 1, 2
Petty Gill Winterburn 1, 2
Petty John do 1, 2
Shires Thomas Flasby Moorside 3
Wilkinson Henry Winterburn 3
Wilkinson Stephen do 3
Wilson John Cross hills 1, 2
Whittam Benjamin Cowper coat 3
Weatherel R. junior Winterburn 3


1838
West Riding Register of Electors 1834

1848
The chapel is placed in the care of the Skipton Congregational Chapel. The Yorkshire Congregational Year Book reported, "This is one of the stations where from local circumstances, the population is frequently changing. Mr Richardson conducts service in the chapel every Sunday afternoon and for that purpose has to walk fourteen miles. His average congregation is fifty. In summer it is more, in winter it is less". Mr R. K. Richardson of Calton son of the Mr. Richardson mentioned, stated "When my father first went to Winterburn there was an earth floor also forms without backs and neither pulpit or rostrum. Many members of the congregation walked long distances to the chapel".

1857

Kellys Directory of the West Riding -Winterburn
Beckwith John Frmr. Winterburn Wood
Benson Augustus, Farmer, Cowper Cote
Chester William Farmer, Cow House
Dawes George, Farmer Friar Head
Demaine Benjamin, farmer
Foster Mrs, Farmer, Winterburn Hall
Land Joseph, Farmer, Brockabank

One of the windows in Gargrave church refurbishment (no. 13) is set up by their children in memory of John Wilkinson (died 1845) and of Margaret his wife (died 1848). (This is probably Gargrave Wilkinsons

1862
Mr. Richardson appeals for donations towards the cost of renovation, and said, "Winterburn Chapel is situated in a thinly-populated district, the amount of the population in the radius of four miles being about 700. The Parish Church is four miles distant and no place of worship nearer than three miles. Attendance on Sabbath days averages sixty-five. Persons comprising the congregation are chiefly farm servants". Cost of renovation £152.

1871
Mr Richardson retires in at the age of 70. Chapel is closed for a short while.

1872
Chapel re-opened by Rev John Calvert, who had retired to Gargrave.

1880
Rev John Calvert moves to Grassington and Chapel again closed.

1886
The same Mr Richardson remembered of his father that, the Rev. H. C. Wilson of Eshton acted as occasional supply pastor. Mr Wilson resided with his brother, who was the first Sir Matthew Wilson, and sisters, at Eshton Hall. At one time he was a minister in the Church of England, but in order to be free to preach in other churches he resigned his living. Every Sunday my father had to pass Eshton Hall. On one occasion he met Mr Wilson, who said, I will come to preach for you one Sunday, which he did. After that he took the services on special occasions and continued to take an interest in the chapel, financially and otherwise, as long as he lived. Mr Richardson continued to preach till his retirement, when the chapel was closed. It was reopened as a chapel-of-ease for Gargrave Church by the vicar, the Rev. C.J. Marsden, 1892, and had continued to be used, except for a period in the time of the Rev. J.V. Magee, until the present day. (Gargrave Church and Parish, Janet M Dinsdale, 1966)

1877

Kellys Directory of West Riding
Thomas Clifton Wilkinson, esq. J.P. - lord of the manor

1880

Craven Almanac - Circular List of Principal Residents
Dawes, Jas and Robert, Friars Head
Demaine, Mrs Winterburn
Foster Bros, Winterburn
Horn Jeremiah, Cowper cote

1881

Voters Register
Bradley James - cottage at W'burn
Dawes James - Friars Head
Foster Thomas - Winterburn (land?)
Horn Jeremiah - ditto
Metcalfe James - ditto
Moor Christopher - Brockabank
Wrathall John - House on High Grange Farm
Wrathall Robert - House on Winterburn Wood Farm

Craven Almanac
Dawes, Jas and Robert, Friars Head
Demaine, Mrs Winterburn
Foster Bros, Winterburn
Horn, Jeremiah, Cowper cote
Watson, Joseph, Winterburn Wood

1882
Shortage of water in the Leeds - Liverpool canal due to an increase in traffic meant the need for a reservoir.
The estimate for the reservoir which was to hold 3,550 locks full of water, was £45,000, the work was supervised by consulting engineers Filliter and Rose. Built by Oxenhope contractors Messrs Crabtree Bros. It covers an area of 40 acres and had a holding capacity of 281 million gallons. Lower Cow House should be in the middle of it, unless it was demolished. The bungalow in Winterburn was reputedly built for the supervisor of the buildings. The reservoir is also reputedly the fastest filling reservoir in the north(?).
Conditions for the navvies were primitive and smallpox broke out in 1888. Skipton Rural Sanitary Authority complained, so the contractor erected a hospital with furniture provided by the company. (This was above the reservoir on the track to Hetton, this was probably the area where they got the stone .)
The reservoir was completed in 1891 and it fed the summit, plans were drawn up for a pipeline to feed Greenberfield Reservoir. This was not covered by Acts of Parliament, as 5 miles from the canal. Bill presented for retrospective powers and also to allow money to be raised for improvements, as the water supply was still insufficient a clause had been included for the construction of two more reservoirs in the Winterburn Valley.

Craven Almanac
Dawes, Jas and Robert, Friars Head
Demaine, Mrs Winterburn
Foster Bros, Winterburn
Horn, Jeremiah, Cowper cote
Watson, Joseph, Winterburn Wood
Green Bros. Winterburn Wood

1883

Craven Almanac
Dawes, Jas and Robert, Friars Head
Demaine, Mrs Winterburn
Foster Bros, Winterburn
Horn, Jeremiah, Cowper cote
Watson, Joseph, Winterburn Wood
Green Bros. Winterburn Wood
Carr, Robert Winterburn Wood
Metcalfe James Winterburn

1890
Thomas Clifton Wilkinson of Newall Hall, Otley owner of land and what is now Winterburn Wood Farm - then referred t as Winterburn Hall.

1891
Opening ceremony for Winterburn Reservoir. Henry Rofe consultant engineer presented the Chairman with a silver key in a silver box with which to perform the opening ceremony. He had also reported that a second reservoir could be built above the first for £126,000, and some trial borings were made. Present at the ceremony was A.W. Stansfield, who was the assistant engineer for the Eastern part of the canal, he went on to become MD of the company. An act in 1891 stipulated that 750,000 gals had to be diverted daily into Eshton Beck as compensation water.

1892
Indenture agreement between Thomas Wilkinson and Leeds and Liverpool Canal Company to allow an aqueduct conduit. The pipeline was completed in 1893 and as well as supplying the canal it also provided water to several houses and farms.

1901
Census Population of Flasby with Winterburn - 98

1907
Chapel re-opened and re-furnished after an appeal by the Archdeacon Kilner for gifts and furnishings. Though the congregations were increased by a number of workmen when the reservoir was being built (conflicting reports of it being closed at this time) it never reached the former record of sixty-five persons after this time. The chapel was vested in the trustees of the Yorkshire Congregational Union (1966), the income is to be used for the benefit of Congregational Churches in the county of York. It was sold and converted to a private house about 1987.

1912

Frances. E Wilkinson esq. of Newall Hall is lord of the manor.

Craven Almanac
Wilkinson Frances E, The Bungalow
Bell Thomas, Farmer
Foster Thomas Farmer, Winterburn Hall
Horne Jeremiah, Farmer, Cowper Cote
Lawson Mrs, Farmer, The Grange
Taylor Ann Mrs and Christopher, Farmers Friars, Head
Taylor John Rolandson, Farmer, Friars Head

G C Todd, Winterburn

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